The emergence of social media and collaborative online communities required a reframing of information literacy as a metaliteracy that supports multiple literacy types; information is not a static object, that is simply accessed and retrieved; it is a dynamic entity that is produced and shared collaboratively with such innovative web 2.0 technologies such as Facebook, Twitter, … and YouTube. Several competing concepts of literacy have emerged including media literacy, digital literacy, visual literacy, cyberliteracy, information technology fluency, mobile information literacy. Information literacy is the ability to recognize what information is needed, and the knowledge of how to define appropriate search strategies, determine relevant sources, locate, critically evaluate and ethically use information in its convenient format. Simply it is about developing your skills in finding, evaluating, using and managing, using and managing information.
Information literacy is central to this redefinition, because information takes many forms online, and is produced and communicated through multiple modalities, but information literacy must be connected to related literacy types defined below.
Media literacy: provides a framework to access analyze, evaluate, create and participate using messages in a variety of forms, and consequently contributes to building an understanding of the role of media in society, as well as essential skills of inquiry and self-expression.
Digital literacy: It is defined also as the ability to read and interpret media (text, sound, images), to reproduce data and images through digital manipulation and to evaluate and apply new knowledge gained from digital environment.
Visual literacy: Visual Literacy Standards Task Force of ACRL defines it as a set of abilities that enables an individual to effectively find, interpret, evaluate, use, and create images and visual media. Visual literacy skills equip a learner to understand and analyze the contextual, cultural, ethical, aesthetic, intellectual, and technical components involved in the production and use of visual materials.
Cyberliteracy is more specifically related to issues surrounding internet use and web environment and participation in consulting critically internet contents, as well as knowing how to use a variety of media on the internet to express user’s own viewpoint.
Information fluency refers to the set of intellectual capabilities conceptual knowledge, and contemporary skills associated with information technology.